Baby care - baby skin

Baby skin is much thinner after birth than adult skin. It also lacks the protective horny layer, which avoids environmental influences and disease germs. Because of this, the baby skin feels so beautiful silky, but it is therefore very sensitive.

Why is baby skin sensitive?

Furthermore, in the skin of newborns, the fatty tissue in the subcutaneous tissue is not fully developed. Because of this, babies are also very sensitive to cold.

Family with baby
Baby skin needs special care

There are also other differences to the skin of adults. Thus, the sweat glands in the baby are not yet able to regulate the body temperature in heat by perspiration and the resulting evaporation cold enough. However, sebaceous glands are already present in the skin of the newborn. These are not yet able to produce enough fat.

For this reason, the baby skin is also very dry and therefore forms attack surfaces for yeast fungi, which can develop in the warm and humid climate under the diapers.

It can come so fast to bacterial infections. The first signs of this are skin changes and encrustations. Here then must necessarily be a treatment by the pediatrician.

Furthermore, it must be ensured that the baby is not exposed to sunbathing in the first year of life, because there is hardly any melanin in the skin. Melanin is the brown skin pigment. It forms a special sunscreen for the skin.

How baby's skin develops

The skin is the largest sensory organ. It represents the connection between inside and outside. The newborn is given the first impressions of his environment through the skin. So it can feel touch, pain and also temperature differences.

The skin surface of a newborn is twice as large as an adult's body weight. Correspondingly large is then the attack surface for all negative environmental influences. In heat, the baby loses moisture over the skin and it can get sunburned by UV radiation. The lack of cornea and a not yet fully developed acid-protective coat germs can quickly become a problem.

Only after a few months, the self-protection mechanisms slowly build up. As a sun protection factor melanin is formed. The situation is similar with the acid mantle. He also builds up gradually.

After birth, babies still have the so-called "cheese grease" on their skin. It is a type of body-own skin protection cream. This "cheese grease" protects the skin before it's still in the amniotic fluid from dying out. During birth, it acts as a lubricant and after birth, it envelops the baby and serves as a protective layer before cooling.

The cheese grease is whitish yellow colored and odorless. Partially she enters the skin after birth. It is a particularly good protection for the newborn, so today it is sometimes no longer washed off, but gently massaged into the baby skin.

Sometimes it can happen that in the first days after birth newborns show a dry skin. This large scales can solve. However, this is not a cause for concern. It is normal for the top layer of skin to dry after birth and then shed in dandruff. This process is usually over after 14 days and the skin is then rosy and baby soft.

More pages about baby and pregnancy

Pregnancy & childbirthBaby & Baby Care

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