When the first rays of sun shine through the clouds, every hobby gardener who is lucky enough to have a balcony wants to plant the first flowers. But caution is required here.
The 5 most common mistakes in the balcony planting
Because in March, April and also in early May there can still be frost at night. Then the most beautiful balcony flowers have no chance to save themselves from the frost. A balcony planting that once got frost can no longer be saved. Wait with your balcony planting until the ice saints are over on May 16, because then there is usually no more ground frost to be expected.
Before you start planting the balcony, first clean the flower boxes from soil and dirt from the past year. This works well with a hand brush, water or a wire brush. If heavily soiled, you can also mix water with vinegar or citric acid. If you clean the balcony boxes properly, you will avoid infecting the new plants with possible pests and diseases.
To plant properly wants to be learned
If you want to have flowers that bloom for a long time in their splendor, then you should follow a few rules when planting. Don't just put the flowers in the potting soil.
Now that the flower boxes are clean, fill the lower area with a layer of expanded clay. This is a protection that prevents the irrigation water from building up. The expanded clay also stores the water on warmer days and provides the plants with enough moisture. Then place a separating fleece over the expanded clay. The fleece prevents the potting soil from getting into the lower drainage layer. If you now mix a slow release fertilizer or a layer of horn shavings into the potting soil, then you have done everything for a long flowering period of the balcony planting.
Now carefully take the plants out of the plastic pot. Before placing the plant in the balcony box, loosen the root ball. You can do this with your fingers or, in the case of heavy growth, with scissors. This ensures that the plants can take root better. Press the plants firmly into the soil and fill up with potting soil. You should leave about 2 cm free up to the edge of the flower box so that the irrigation water cannot overflow.
Even when casting you can do a lot wrong. Flowers in the garden have a larger supply of water than flowers in flower boxes. Flowers that stand in the sun need more water than those that stand in the shade.
Care tips for balcony plants
Every hobby gardener would like to enjoy his balcony plants for a long time. Here are the best care tips for balcony plants.
If you have enriched the balcony plants with fertilizer when planting them, then you have done everything correctly. This does not mean that you no longer have to take care of the plants and fertilize them. If you are not using slow release fertilizer, you should supply the balcony plants with new fertilizer after a few weeks. The fertilizer provides the flowers with a phosphate content and thus promotes the formation of the flowers.
How do you recognize good potting soil?
You can recognize potting soil that is good for your plants by the fact that it runs easily through your fingers. Cheap potting soil contains a lot of peat and bark or has a high salt content. This can affect plant growth and make flowers more susceptible to disease. It would be ideal to enrich the potting soil with compost, polystyrene flakes and flower fertilizer in order to optimize the oxygen content of the soil.
What to do against mold in the flower box?
Although you care for your flowers, fertilize and water them regularly, has a white coating formed on the potting soil? This mold is harmful to the flowers and should be removed. The mold covering may have been formed by too much moisture.
To remove the mold, you should completely dispose of the potting soil and fill the flower box with fresh soil. But don't forget to clean the flower box thoroughly, otherwise the work has been in vain. Water your balcony flowers sparingly, but more often. This way you can prevent waterlogging and the mold cannot even form.
Remove blooms that have died
So that your flowers remain beautiful for a long time, you should pay attention to some care tips for balcony plants. Bloomed flowers should be turned off regularly. This allows the plants to form new buds faster.
Balcony plants that stand on a sunny south-facing balcony need more water than balconies that point to the north side. When choosing plants, you should also pay attention to whether the flowers prefer the sunny or the dark side. Balcony plants, such as succulents or echeveria, can survive drying times better than, for example, geraniums due to the thick fleshy leaves.
Even a sunscreen is very pleasant for balcony plants.
If you are thinking of putting a palm on your balcony, then choose a date or phoenix palm. Other palm trees require a high level of humidity, which does not necessarily exist on the balcony.
Plants thrive with care and love. Do not forget about regular fertilization and, of course, watering. If you follow these tips, you will enjoy your balcony plants for a long time.
Plant balcony plants correctly
Anyone who can own a balcony will not only consider themselves lucky in summer. Even if your fingers are tingling with the first rays of the sun and you already want to plant the balcony, you should really wait until the ice saints are over. It is the middle of May. Then there is very little risk that the delicate balcony plants will be damaged by nightly frost. Geraniums, daisies and begonias are particularly popular balcony plants, but are also particularly sensitive to frost.
You should also consider which flowers you can plant best. Is your balcony facing south or north? Which balcony plants love the sun or prefer the shade? Do you have enough window boxes available? How many plants do you actually need to make your balcony look beautiful? When you have answered these questions, you can start planting the balcony.
Clean flower boxes and pots
If you want to use the flower boxes or flower pots from last year, then you should do a thorough cleaning of the containers. So you can ensure that any pests are destroyed. For this you can remove stubborn incrustations with a wire brush.
Plant balcony plants correctly
Balcony plants shouldn't just be planted in any potting soil. Take a little more time to make your plants an eye catcher. Start with an expanded clay that is filled into the flower boxes as a lower layer. This prevents waterlogging. The clay stores water and also transfers the moisture to the flowers on warmer days. Place a layer of separating fleece over the expanded clay so that the potting soil cannot bond with the clay. If you want to do everything right, then mix potting soil with a slow release fertilizer.
Now generously fill the potting soil into the window boxes.
Carefully remove the delicate flower plants from the plastic pots. Hold the plants as low as possible and press the plastic pot together with the other hand in different places so that the plant bale can loosen. On most plants you will find roots, which you can easily separate with your fingers or a pair of scissors. The rooting must be separated so that the plant can spread again.
Now place the flower plants in the designated place and gently press the bale firmly. Now fill with soil, leaving about 2 cm to the edge of the flower boxes. This prevents a possible overflow during casting.
Which plant thrives on which balcony?
When choosing the plants, you should definitely pay attention to whether you have a sunny or rather shady balcony. You will find the right balcony flower for every balcony in the trade.
Plants for the sun balcony
On the south side, geraniums, petunias, daisies, magic bells and of course many others thrive. But you can also contrast blooming flowers with colored nettles. All plants on the south side of the balcony require a lot of water. Balcony boxes with inserted water storage are therefore particularly interesting. Always water your plants in the morning or in the evening. The plants can absorb the water particularly well in the early morning hours.
If you want to give your balcony a Mediterranean flair, then you can also plant bougainvillea or oleander. These plants love the sun and thrive magnificently.
Plants for east and west balconies
If you have a balcony that has an east or west orientation, then you will be lucky. With a balance between sun and shade plants can thrive wonderfully. All plants grow on the east and west balconies and unfold their magnificent flowers.
An important aspect of balcony planting is the wind. How often do you see broken flowers and uprooted plants? Provide your plants with a windbreak to protect them. But you can also do without hanging varieties, such as hanging geraniums and hanging petunias.
Plants for northern balconies
Even if you have a north-facing balcony, you can still plant flowers. When planting a shadow balcony, you should buy plants that are rather undemanding and easy to care for. But there are also many different flowers for these balconies. Busy Lieschen, noble fish, fuchsia, hydrangea, begonia, bluebell and others.
You can also enrich the plants with boxwood trees. Small trees are a nice contrast to the colorful and flowering plants.
Flowers that are at home on a north-facing balcony require much less water than plants on other balconies. To check if a plant needs water, press your finger into the ground. If the soil is still wet, then the flowers need no water.
When watering the plants, you should make sure that there is no waterlogging. The water does not evaporate so quickly, especially on a north-facing balcony. In most plants, the plucking of the withered flowers promotes growth and blooming. Especially with plants on north-facing balconies, you should pluck the withered flowers as soon as possible, because they have a hard time developing their splendor anyway.
Tips for balcony plants
By mid-May at the latest, when the ice saints are over, most hobby gardeners will no longer be able to keep. The farmers' rule says that when the ice saints are over, there is no more night frost and the tender buds cannot freeze to death. Especially the ever popular begonia and geraniums are very sensitive to night frost.
Before you start planting the window boxes, you should find out which side your balcony is on. Because whether sun or shade balcony determines the selection of flowers.
Every year when the time comes, the hobby gardeners want to plant particularly beautiful flowers and make the balcony box even more beautiful than the year before. Making a balcony box particularly imaginative is no problem. The selection of plants is very large for every balcony. Make sure that the flowers are closed and the stems are not kinked. Avoid long-stemmed flowers if possible. You can snap off the wind quickly.
If you want to harvest not just flowers, but also something, try tomato plants. Ask a gardener which tomatoes are best for which balcony orientation.
If you prefer soft tones in pastel colors, choose, for example, magic bells that are particularly wind and rain resistant. The magic bells can be planted in white be combined. Hanging petunias with small and medium-sized flowers are particularly hardy. You can use licorice herb as a border for the flower box.
Maybe you'd rather plant everything tonight, this year. Choose a fast-growing magic bells with Japan sedge. With cute elf mirrors and hanging peteunias you conjure up an appealing balcony box.
For north-facing balconies, you can also choose noble trees, because they are diligently blooming. Fuchsias also feel comfortable in the shade. Hanging fuchsias can be placed in the front area of the flower box and combined with a dotted colored nettle.
A beautiful balcony with flowering plants needs to be taken care of. The more plants you have, the more work you will inevitably have. Therefore, you should carefully consider which flowers and how many flowers you want to plant. Balcony plants need to be watered regularly and the withered flowers have to be removed. In addition, you should not forget about regular fertilization. You may also need to fill the flower boxes with potting soil or even repot them.
Also think of a vacation care. Because especially during the summer time, the plants need water and care.
Every year the selection of flowers and plants increases. This makes the right choice increasingly difficult. But - every year the balcony box is more beautiful than the year before.
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