Little researchers - great fun: Scientific experiments with children
Perhaps you remember the stage when your child kept dropping an object. It was definitely not the goal to test his parents' nervous endurance. Your child has experimented with gravity and researched the most important physical rule regarding gravitation: Every object falls to the ground as soon as it is no longer held on.
Do scientific experiences make sense for children?
Many adults associate science experiments with bunsen burners, sulfur odor and boring formulas.
One or the other may have retained a downright trauma from school physics or chemistry lessons. Of course, experimenting with children is not about learning the periodic table by heart, nor should children be explicitly prepared for the requirements of science lessons.
When researching, it is important to take up the children's methodology of learning and the natural exploration of children and pedagogically implement. The goal is to get to the bottom of everyday phenomena and to encourage the child to contribute their own ideas and theories. This educational area is considered so important that it now has to be implemented nationwide in all kindergartens.
Essentially, experiments contribute to holistic development, as they train many areas that play an important role in the development of children.
For which age are scientific experiments suitable?
This way, toddlers enjoy looking at animals, leaves or chestnuts with a magnifying glass. One to three year old children discover their environment with all their senses and should therefore spend as much time as possible in the fresh air.
What should be considered when researching with children?
After a short explanation, your child should also be able to carry out the experiment independently. New knowledge can only really consolidate when children become active. Encourage your child to describe their observations during the experiment and then to express their own theories and reasons.
Of course, it doesn't hurt if you yourself have examined the scientific background to a scientific phenomenon. Even so, you don't have to provide an exact scientific explanation - that would usually be too much anyway. So choose simple words and use examples to help your child understand something.
If you plan several experiments, they should build on each other in terms of content and topic. So you can remember the results and observations of the last attempt together with your child before each new experiment in memory and build on it.
Have your child do each experiment as often as desired. Through repetition children consolidate their knowledge. In addition, the child has the opportunity to really look very carefully, what happens there and to perceive every detail.
Which experiments are suitable for children?
Many children are fascinated by water and fire. To get started in experimenting swimming tests are particularly good. The child tests which objects float on the water and which sink. So it learns that the buoyancy is not related to the weight.
Also interesting for children are experiments with fire and air. First, sensitize your child to the fact that air is everywhere. For the little ones is the assumption that air exists only outside of buildings, after all, it is indeed "in the fresh air" when a walk is pending.
Fill a tub with water. Your child gets the task to put a handkerchief firmly in a glass and then just swap this in the water. Your child will be excited about the fact that the handkerchief will not get wet.
The experiment can then follow this experiment for how long a tealight burns when a glass is placed over it. To do this, use differently shaped glasses of different sizes. So your child learns playfully that fire needs oxygen to not go out.