As soon as the temperatures drop after a beautiful summer, the noses start to run, we sneeze through everyday life and drag ourselves from one cold to the next. We also hear about flu episodes almost every year.
Sick in winter - but why actually?
For this reason, researchers and scientists wanted to find out a long time ago what the connection between cold and being sick is. But how life plays, you actually found no connection at all.
It should be noted at this point that the cold or the winter and everything that has to do with it has absolutely nothing to do with illnesses. But why do we get sick more in the cold months?
Pathogens are insensitive to cold
This fact actually speaks even less for the fact that when it gets cold, we are particularly susceptible to colds and the like. But in fact it is the case that pathogens, bacteria and viruses cannot do anything in cold environments. So there has to be more than just the temperatures falling outside before we get sick. But what?
The immune system is to blame!
In fact, pathogens must already be present in the body so that the low temperatures can be made responsible for a disease. However, it is not the cold, but the fact that our immune system has a lot of work to do in cold temperatures and is quite stressed. Only then can the already existing pathogens cause illness.
And one more thing: people who have caught a cold and get sick start to feel cold, not the other way around. So it is clear that we do not freeze first and then get sick, but vice versa.
So if our immune system is to blame for colds, then logically we have to strengthen them. How? In the cold winter months, we should pay more attention to our diet, lots of vegetables, fruits and lots of water. Unfortunately, many do not really think about drinking a lot in the cold months, after all, it is usually only recommended in summer due to high temperatures. But it is clear that even in winter the body needs at least the same amount of water per day as it does in summer.
And what about the risk of infection?
People who spend little time outdoors in the winter and increasingly in closed rooms are at greater risk of infection than others. In winter we don't work with open windows or doors, we turn on the heating, ventilate less and hardly ever go outside. Ideal conditions for viruses and bacteria. So means: Not just outside for a smoking break! A winter walk in no way damages our immune system, but rather strengthens it.
Get sick in winter. Exercising, drinking plenty of water and eating a healthy diet are by no means factors that should only be practiced in summer. If you also want to do something for your immune system, you can get special vitamin tablets from the pharmacy.
For example, due to less sunlight and sun exposure in winter, we often suffer from vitamin B deficiency in winter. This vitamin produces our skin with the help of sun and light and is unfortunately produced less by itself in winter. However, if you are outside regularly, you do not need it yourself.
Healthy through fall and winter: 5 tips for the cold season
Autumn doesn't just come with the colorful foliage, mushrooms and beautiful sunsets, it also gets colder and darker. It sniffs and coughs everywhere. The autumn storms drove the mood down and the leaves off the trees. Everything looks bare and gray. And then the temperatures also drop into the minus range. The heaters are running at full speed. The dry air as well as wind and cold make the body more susceptible to colds. Freezing rain falls on the streets - the traffic jam on the way to work is inevitable ...
1. Walks in the fresh air
Even when it storms and rains, the body does a good job of exercising in the fresh air. Long walks and sports get the circulation going. The blood circulation is stimulated and the immune system is better prepared for cold viruses. The endurance sports jogging and cycling are particularly well suited. For all outdoor activities a suitable clothing should always be chosen.
2. Nourish minerals and vitamins
A diet rich in minerals and vitamins is generally of great importance. In the cold season, it is particularly important to pay attention to it. Fruits, vegetables, freshly squeezed juices, as well as whole grains, poultry, cheese, milk and eggs may be on the menu. Even stimulants such as chocolate are allowed in moderation. They often lift the mood on gray days.
In the autumn months, domestic winter vegetables such as kohlrabi, broccoli and kale, as well as fruits such as apples and pears, which still contain many vitamins, can often be harvested. Likewise, turnips, potatoes and mushrooms are good and usually cheap. These ingredients alone can be used to prepare delicious and healthy food.
3. Drink a lot
Not only in summer, it is important to provide the body with sufficient fluid. Also in the autumn and winter months, it is advisable to take between 1,5 and 2 liters of liquid in the form of mineral water, fruit teas or juice spritzers. The dry heating air has a negative effect on the mucous membranes, allowing bacteria to spread faster and cause infections. By regular fluid intake, the bronchi are moistened and bacteria washed away.
4. Ventilate properly
In the cold season, we stay indoors more often than outside. It is therefore all the more important to ventilate the rooms regularly and well. As a rule, it is sufficient to open the windows completely in the morning, at noon and in the evening for five minutes each. Of course, these are only guidelines, because smoking, cooking and domestic animals usually require a repeated airing.
5. Sleep well
In addition to a healthy diet and plenty of exercise in the air, the body needs enough sleep to stay healthy. Especially when stressed by cold temperatures and wind, our body needs its recovery phases. Of course, that also applies to our mind.
Sick in winter - hard time for our joints
The cold winter months are always a challenge for our body. Not only are we particularly susceptible to colds, our joints also suffer during the cold season. Pain in the joints can also indicate serious illnesses and should be taken seriously.
When joint pain becomes dangerous
Every year, the cold and damp winter weather really creeps into our bones. Many people feel stiff when getting up in the morning, their hands and knees hurt. Even if it looks like a little zipper at first, serious symptoms of the joints can be hidden behind such phenomena. Therefore, one should be absolutely clear whether the symptoms are caused by a feeling for the weather or not. In case of uncertainty, the doctor should always be consulted and no unnecessary time wasted.
Take warning signs of the body seriously
Pain in the hands or feet, knees or hip joints are among the major common diseases that we all have to deal with at some point. Among the approximately 400 known diseases, some can be treated quite well with proven home remedies. The most well-known diseases include arthrosis, a form of joint wear. Around every second person over the age of 50 more or less suffers from this disease.
Inflammatory rheumatism, rheumatic arthritis, is more dangerous. With this disease, the body's own immune system attacks the joints. The disease usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 30 and is usually only recognized much later. Fast treatment is absolutely necessary. Anyone who has swollen, red or overheated joints for several weeks at a young age should definitely go to the doctor. A blood test can then quickly find out whether there is a rheumatic disease that can then be treated accordingly.
For example, arthritis can be treated quite easily with chills. Although it sounds paradoxical and cold weather often worsens the symptoms of the disease, cold treatments can still relieve the symptoms.
Fortunately, not every morning pain in the joints is an indication of a serious illness. A person's sensitivity to the weather often plays a crucial role. In such cases, even early arthrosis cannot necessarily be recognized immediately. To prevent possible illnesses, kneeling, running downhill and climbing stairs should be avoided as far as possible. However, all other forms of movement are very helpful and important.
Every now and then a pull or pain in the joints has. At first, that's no reason to worry. Only if the pain occurs regularly and worsens, should a doctor be consulted. Basically, a good amount of daily exercise is a good prophylaxis against all kinds of joint diseases.