Mangas are almost indispensable in Western culture today. The black-and-white-drawn manga comics are already part of the standard range in almost every trade.
What are manga exactly?
But what makes manga so unique and where do they come from?
Mangas are Japanese black and white comics that are read from right to left. They are best known for their unique style of drawing
The translation means as much as "Involuntary or unrestrained picture", The individual panels in which the story is told are read from top right to bottom left.
There are no limits to the genre - depending on age, area of interest or hobbies, there is definitely something for everyone.
Where do mangas come from?
The homeland of Mangas is Japan. The history of unique comics, however, goes back several centuries. As early as the sixth and seventh centuries, Buddhist monks shared their stories by painting them on temple walls. From the 12. However, paper rolls were used for this purpose in the 19th century.
Most of the drawings, however, were relatively independent of each other and usually showed only motifs such as death, life or animals. Only towards the end of the 17. At the beginning of the 20th century, the first books were written under the name "Ukiyo-e" as well as "Toba e" appeared. These already contained complete stories.
However, the separation of word and image, as is the case in manga, has its origins in the Japanese language. Visual understanding is an integral part of Japanese literacy, which is all too obvious in manga.
The term "manga", however, was only in the 19. Century used the first time. Katsushika Hokusai, a Japanese woodcut artist used the term for his works.
What is the attraction of mangas?
The reason why more and more people swarm about mangas is largely due to their stylistic and visual characteristics.
1. reading direction
As usual in Japanese spelling, the reading direction of manga runs from right to left and from top to bottom. If you open a Japanese comic for the first time, you probably will do it on the wrong side.
The language can therefore be written in the panels in all possible directions - this provides a lot of creative freedom in the mangaka, the Japanese manga authors.
2. Monochrome printing
A typical feature of Japanese comics - they are in black and white. Only cover pages or sometimes pages at the beginning or in the middle of a volume are colored. In addition to the strong focus on Japanese art, this has increasingly to do with keeping the production costs for the tapes low. In addition, artists are not necessarily dependent on color, but can also write grandiose stories on the principle of "less is more".
Another point: Mangakas are usually under enormous time pressure and have to submit up to 20 pages a week. There's just not enough time to color them.
Noises are an integral part in Japanese comics. For almost every situation there is a corresponding sound effect, which of course must not be missing in the manga to perfect the whole thing. These sounds are noted either in Hiragana or Katakana and are typically hard to miss.
The best known characteristics of mangas are the eyes. Especially in Shoujo manga (comics for girls and women), the characters are characterized by big eyes. The reason for this is not only the fascination of the Japanese with the Western culture: with big eyes, feelings can simply be better expressed.
In addition, big eyes emit cuteness, which is referred to as "kawaii" in Japanese and is a very important factor in many manga.
The Japanese black and white comics are an integral part of Japanese culture and are becoming increasingly popular in the Western world.
From the original caricatures and individual images developed until today a unique art form, with rousing stories, which is suitable for people of all ages.