Political education - duties of the Federal Chancellor and Federal President

In recent years, we have increasingly noticed how easy it is for many people to make their little world. Ms. Merkel is responsible for everything. That is why the most important tasks of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal President are summarized here.

Chancellor's duties

.. or the Chancellor. The Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany is bound by a large number of obligations and rights that are provided for in the Basic Law. Pursuant to Article 64 of the Basic Law, the Federal Chancellor has the right to propose candidates for the ministerial posts to the Federal President and thus forms the Federal Cabinet.

Political system in Germany
Political system in Germany - © Dan Race / Adobe Stock

The Federal Chancellor is also authorized to propose that the Federal Ministers be dismissed in the same way. The framework for government action is also determined by the Federal Chancellor in accordance with Article 65 of the Basic Law. It bears responsibility for the guidelines it defines and provides the relevant ministries with a regulatory framework that must be observed.

Another competence of the Federal Chancellor is the agreement with government partners. The affairs of the Federal Government are led by the Federal Chancellor, who bears the government responsibility towards the Bundestag.

The Chancellor is also under Article 66 Basic Law obliged to exercise any salaried office as that of the Federal Chancellor at the same time. In addition, the Federal Chancellor is authorized to appoint a Federal Minister as his deputy (Article 69).

In the case of defense, the Federal Chancellor under Article 115b Basic Law is the authority over the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany. According to Article 68 Basic Law, the current Chancellor may ask the Bundestag the vote of confidence. If this vote of confidence does not meet the approval of the majority of members of the Bundestag, the Federal Chancellor may propose to the Federal President the dissolution of the Bundestag.

Tasks of the Federal President

... or the Federal President. The tasks of the Federal President, similar to those of the Federal Chancellor, are constitutionally established. The Federal President's core competencies are set out in the Basic Law from Article 54 to Article 61. It is important that the Federal President is not assigned to one of the three state powers, as he represents the unity of the state.

One of the most important competencies of the Federal President is the representation of the Federal Republic of Germany within the country and also abroad, for example through appearances at events, speeches or state visits abroad.

In addition, the Federal President is responsible for a variety of governmental competencies. He proposes to the Bundestag the Chancellor under Article 63 Basic Law for election, and is also authorized for the possible appointment and dismissal of the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Minister under Article 67 and 64 Basic Law.

The Basic Law also gives him the obligation under Article 60 to appoint and dismiss Federal Judges, federal officials, officers and NCOs. He has the special competence to dissolve the Bundestag after a respective result of the question of confidence of the Federal Chancellor under Article 68 Basic Law.

The Federal President also fulfills the important task of drafting or signing laws and finally announcing them in accordance with Article 82 of the Basic Law. In individual cases, the Federal President is authorized under Article 60 of the Basic Law to exercise the right to pardon or to transfer this authority to other authorities.

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