A quote is a literal passage taken from a textual material or a reference to a particular passage of text. Also other types of media, such as music and pictures, can be used as a quote. Famous words are usually used as a known saying or as wisdom.
What is a quote?
Example: "God gives me the serenity to accept things that I can not change, the courage to change things that I can change, and the wisdom of distinguishing one from the other" (Reinhold Niebuhr) or "Everyone has stupid thoughts but the sage keeps it secret "(Wilhelm Busch).
There are also several passages, for example from the Bible, which are strongly anchored in normal usage, so that they are rarely perceived as a quotation.
Basically, citations are evidenced by a bibliography as well as a reference to the source, which identifies the author and the specific text passage. Citations can not be changed in principle, but cuts are quite possible if they do not distort the meaning.
A literal quote must be in full compliance with the lyrics and punctuation in terms of both the rules and content. Example: "The central image for the male ego is the hero". This is subsequently identified by execution marks. A quote in the middle of a word is indicated by half quotation marks.
Literal citations may only be used if the statement is not only content-wise, but also its formulation is significant. The appropriate borrowing (utterance) is very often marked by the name of the author and a small supplement written as: "According to" or "Based on".
Also, all citations must be supplemented by a clear reference to the source. As a rule, you should be very sparing with verbatim quotes in a housework and prefer to use your own formulations.
Quotes and copyright
The use of quotations is subject to copyright and is permitted only under certain conditions, without the author being asked for permission or any form of remuneration to be paid. The reason for this is that citations serve the scientific and cultural development of the public. In science, the quotes have their greatest and most important importance, because scientists are always dependent on using the work of strangers, for example, to prevent unnecessary repetition. Scientists work to the greatest extent on the experience of their predecessors.
What is the aphorism?
The very first aphorist was Heraclitus of Ephesus. The first work, which consisted mainly of aphorisms, were the important works of writing of Hippocrates, which, however, came from several authors. In aphoristic form medical teaching approaches are written down. The literary-philosophical genre was added much later.
Even in the German-speaking world, aphorism has a very long tradition and is of great significance. Famous people such as Georg Christoph von Lichtenberg, Johann Wolfgang Goethe, Arthur Schopenhauer, Franz Kafka and many more developed the aphorism.
The word aphorism comes from the ancient Greeks and has the following meaning:
1. Short style
2. As a medical teaching approach
3. As a definition as well as delimitation
An aphorism is, so to speak, a single thought, which can exist only in one sentence or at most in some sentences. In most cases he formulates a very special insight rhetorically artful as a general aphorism. Pointed quotations as well as winged words do not apply to literary scholarship as aphorisms.
The aphorism is considered a contradictory text form with the following core properties:
1. The most common construction principle of the aphorism is the antithesis, such as: "Life is short, the art is long" (Hippocrates), which is often additionally polemically sharpened.
2. When a linguistic image is picked up and pictorially extended, the antithetical turn leads to the paradox. Example: "With the bond that should bind their hearts, they have strangled their peace" (Lichtenberg) or "History teaches how to counterfeit them."
3. As ambiguity, irony such as: "Bacteria? Is it a small thing? "
4. As an alogism, such as: "Are splinters like tears clever?"
5. As a pun
Quotes by topics and authors
|Quotes by topic||Quotations according to authors|
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