House plants care | flat

If you want to have healthy and beautiful indoor plants, you should inform yourself and accumulate a lot of knowledge.

Care of indoor plants

Like any other plant, house plants primarily need water, light, air, nutrients in mineral form and the right temperature. Plants have the same basic needs, but indoor plants need even more.

Depending on the natural habitat they come from, they need low, medium or high humidity. But you also need a shady place, bright light, strong sun rays and more or less water. The nutrients are also very important, a distinction is made between a few or many nutrients, different temperatures and acidic or alkaline soil.

House plants care tips
House plants care tips - © Africa Studio / Adobe Stock

Many houseplants are very adaptable, but species that love shade will not thrive in direct sunlight. Tropical plants cannot grow in a cool place. Flowering plants prefer a bright place and are best placed by a window facing east or west.

Most plants are comfortable at room temperature. But there are also specimens that do not like the cold from below. In this case, you should put a styrofoam pad on the cold window sill. Many plants prefer high humidity. With a spray bottle and clear water you can enable the plants to do this.

The dust on the leaves should be removed with a damp cloth, but you can also put the plant in the shower. With a few exceptions, you should water the houseplant so that it is slightly damp, but not wet. You shouldn't fill water in planters or saucers, otherwise the roots can rot and small flies will quickly form.

If what has faded is removed in good time, new flowers will always appear. As soon as the flower pot becomes too small for the plant, you should move to a larger pot. In winter, flowering plants should be placed in a slightly cooler and darker room as they need a break. Despite the winter break, you have to water the plants regularly, but you can do without fertilizing in winter.

Nutrient supply

Carbon dioxide and water are very important for the plant to build up sugar. The plant gets the water from its roots and the carbon dioxide it absorbs from the air with its leaves. But the two elements are not sufficient for the synthesis of sugar. For this reason, the plant also needs enriched inorganic substances in the soil. Together with the water, it is absorbed by the roots and transported to the leaves. These nutrients are abundant in fresh potting soil. When it is used up, you should start fertilizing the plant.

With proper care, the houseplants will bloom beautifully for a long time.

Low-maintenance houseplants for professionals

Especially working people need easy-care indoor plants that do not take up much time.

How do you recognize easy-care indoor plants?

The robust indoor plants include, for example, various climbing plants, thick-leaf plants and many types of cacti. You can recognize easy-care houseplants by the well-developed foliage and the trunks. The leaves are thick and leathery. The plant can store water in them for a long period of time and therefore does not have to be watered regularly.

Sansevieria

The arctic was in the 60er years in almost every apartment. He is very robust and has sword-shaped leaves. The beauty of the desert, however, still fits perfectly with today's facilities. This houseplant does not need much care, you do not need a green thumb. For bow hemp, it does not matter if it has much or little light, and if you forget to water it, it will not let it hang. Longer periods of drought do not hurt the plant at all. The only thing to note, it must not be too cold. Temperatures below twelve degrees make the bow hemp wither.

elephant

The elephant's foot is one of the most easy-care indoor plants. It is a tree-like plant and has long leaves. If necessary, the elephant foot will even be without water for months. He stores the water in his club-shaped trunk. It is ideal, however, to water the plant once or twice a week. To prevent the leaf tips from turning brown, you can spray the leaves regularly with water. The plant is native to Mexico. High and cold temperatures are no problem for the plant.

zamioculcas

Zamioculcas is a very easy to maintain houseplant. The long branches are directed upwards, on them are thick, green leaves. The plant comes from a rather dry region, so it does not matter if it does not get enough water. It can even dry completely before it is poured again.

hydroponics

With hydroponics, the plant is not planted in soil, but rather stands in a special substrate. The plant forms long roots here and can thus feed on the nutrient solution. The maintenance effort is not great. Daily watering is not necessary, all you have to do is monitor the level of liquid in the hydroponic pot. When the indicator has dropped into the critical range, you should replenish the nutrient solution.

Even if you travel a lot and do not have a green thumb, houseplants are not a problem.

5 Tips for Flowering Houseplants

Not only in the garden, but also on the terrace or on the balcony, you can admire beautiful, blooming plants. In the apartment, flowering indoor plants are also very popular. With proper care, these can survive for several years.

Right color

Flowering indoor plants shape the room and the windowsill. A free-standing corner looks much nicer. They lift people's spirits and the apartment looks much friendlier and more comfortable. But when buying, you should make sure that the color of the houseplant suits you and the interior. Would you prefer it to be colorful and wild or should it be classic with just one color? And what is your favorite color? You should also make sure that not all houseplants bloom all year round.

Scent of the houseplant

There are beautiful house plants that smell very intensely. The odor of flowers in the various houseplants can vary considerably. You should make sure that the scent is pleasant and not too intrusive. In closed rooms the scent is usually more intrusive than in the great outdoors. With the right scent, you can create a pleasant, summery smell in your home. The white flowers of gardenias and jasmine have a sweet scent. Myrtle, on the other hand, has a fine fragrance and wreath loop has an intense aroma.

Right location

Flowers love the sun's rays, as do the flowering indoor plants. It depends on how many windows are in the respective room and how big they are. If you have an apartment with little sun exposure, not every plant is suitable. You also have to pay attention to the temperature. If the flower is on the windowsill directly above the heater, it may need more water than if it is in the room. However, the plant should not get too many sun rays in midsummer. You can protect the flowers from the strong midday sun with curtains or shutters.

maintenance effort

The maintenance effort of flowering house plants is significantly higher than that of green houseplants. If you are rarely home and can invest only a little time, then you should rather opt for the easy-care plants.

Growth height and width

Another selection criterion when buying a flowering houseplant is the stature height and the width. How much space should she occupy in the room? If you would rather have a small houseplant, you can choose plants such as a room begonia or a desert rose. If the room is generous, you can choose plants like the butterfly orchid.

Flowering house plants beautify the living space and contribute to the well-being. Although you need more care, but if you pay attention to all the important things, keep them for a few years. With these plants you not only bring a nice eye-catcher in the apartment, but also a great fragrance.

Houseplants that need little light

Anyone who owns an apartment with little sunlight needs indoor plants that do not need as much light. And especially the dark corners need a green embellishment.

aspidistra

The Schusterpalme is perfect for darker corners. In low light conditions, it can thrive well. She does not like direct sunrays. Another positive effect, it rarely needs to be poured.

A leaf

If you want to liven up the dark corners of the room with flowers, the leaf is perfect. It has dark green leaves and a bright, white bract which is surrounded by pistils. The plant looks very noble. Since it likes high humidity, it is ideal for a dark bathroom. Direct sunlight does not tolerate them, the leaves are otherwise bright and wither very quickly. When casting, you should be careful, because the plant should never be completely dry, but also should not have too much water. Especially in winter, it is good if you spray your leaves with lime-free water.

Alocasie

Alocasia has a similar flowering as single leaf, but has more prominent leaves. But it also does not tolerate direct sunlight. In the penumbra, she feels most comfortable, but thrives Auchan darker places. It loves high humidity, therefore you should spray the leaves regularly with lime-free water.

zamioculcas

Very easy to care for is the Zamioculcas. It gets along with little light, as well as with little water. It grows under almost all conditions. In the light, it grows faster and the leaves are light. In the shade, it grows slower and develops strong, dark green leaves. The Zamioculcas can throw off the upper part of the leaves as evaporation protection if too much dryness.

Kentia palm

The Kentia palm grows better in a bright place, but it can also thrive in a dark place. She prefers partial shade, direct sunrays are not suitable for this plant. The plant has a dense, uniform habit with juicy, green pinnate leaves that grow on long stems. The maintenance effort is low. The plant only needs water once a week. With proper care, it can become very old and up to three meters tall. In a dark location, it grows poorly or not at all.

Sansevieria

Sansevieria ist an easy-care houseplant that is also suitable for darker areas or rooms. It is very popular because of the interesting sword-shaped leaves. She only needs water every three weeks. It also has a positive effect on the indoor climate. It cleans the air and increases the oxygen content.

Pests and diseases in indoor plants

Despite good care, pests manage to infest houseplants. Especially in winter this problem is known.

Detect pests

The first pests usually make themselves comfortable on the plant unnoticed, only when they have multiplied vigorously do you recognize the problem. The pests are tiny. The insects suck the sap from the plants and cause the leaves to turn yellow. The result is that young offshoots and new shoots can only grow stunted. Since all houseplants can be infested by pests, you should regularly check the plants for symptoms of pest infestation. A magnifying glass can help you with this.

Detect damage

There are insects that eat the leaf edges or even holes in leaves, shoot tips and stems. A well-known insect is the proboscis. The pests eat clearly visible passages in the leaves. The tips of the shoots of plants can die off completely in the event of severe pest infestation. The leaves have deformations such as crimps, small leaves, cripples, corkings, thickenings and bent and curled edges. When infected, the leaves can also turn yellow and shrivel. But the roots can also be attacked by pests. Larvae and roundworms in particular are found there. Therefore, when repotting the plant, you should carefully examine or wash the roots and the lower part of the plant.

Get rid of pests

You don't need to use chemical pesticides right away to get rid of the pests. First, you should try to brush the aphids off the leaves with your fingers. A hair dryer can also help. Hold the plant in an inclined position above the bathtub and blow-dry the plant all around. The lice should now jump off. With small houseplants you can also try to drown the pests. Place the plant in lukewarm water for two hours. Before doing this, you need to wrap the pot and trunk in a plastic bag so that the earth does not get wet. To avoid getting aphids on the plant in the first place, you can stick garlic in the soil. You should also ensure a healthy indoor climate in order to prevent pests. A plastic bag helps against spider mites. You put the plant in a plastic bag and after about ten days the spider mites should be dead. But you must not forget to water the plant anyway.

Prevent plant diseases

You should take good care of the plant so that it does not develop a disease in the first place. Diseases are caused by microscopic organisms such as viruses, bacteria and fungi. These penetrate the plant cells. With good care, you can protect the plant. The best way to prevent diseases at the roots is through high-quality, sterilized culture soil.

 

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