Ilimin siyasa - Shugaban Gwamnatin Tarayya da Shugaban Tarayya a Jamus

A cikin 'yan shekarun nan, mun lura da ƙari da rashin jin daɗin yadda mutane da yawa ke sauƙaƙa ƙaramar duniyar su. Siyasa ita ce abin zargi ga komai. Saboda haka, an kawo mahimman mahimman ayyukan Shugaban Gwamnatin Tarayya da Shugaban Tarayya a nan.

Ayyukan Chancellor

.. ko kuma Chancellor. Ma'aikatar Tarayya ta Tarayya ta kasance mai ɗaukar nauyi da dama da hakkoki waɗanda aka ba su a cikin Asalin Dokar. Sakamakon Tsarin doka na 64, na Tsarin Mulki, Gwamnatin Tarayya tana da 'yancin gabatar da' yan takarar mukamin minista ga Shugaban Tarayya don haka ta kafa Majalisar Tarayya.

Aikin Shugabar Gwamnatin Tarayya da Shugaban Tarayya
Ayyukan Shugaban Gwamnatin Tarayya da Shugaban Tarayya - © XtravaganT / Adobe Stock

Shugabar Gwamnatin Tarayya ma an ba ta izinin gabatar da Ministocin Tarayya don korar su ta wannan hanyar.

Tsarin shugabanci na gwamnati shi ma Shugaban Gwamnatin Tarayya ne ke ƙaddara shi daidai da Mataki na 65 na Dokar Asali. Yana da alhakin jagororin da ya tsara kuma ya ba wa ma'aikatun daban-daban tsarin ƙa'ida wanda dole ne a bi su.

Wani ƙwarewar Gwamnatin tarayya shine yarjejeniyar tare da abokan gwamnati. Harkokin Gwamnatin Tarayya suna jagorancin Gwamnan Tarayya, wanda ke da alhakin aikin gwamnati ga Bundestag.

Har ila yau, Shugaban {asa na karkashin Dokar 66 Basic Law, dole ne ya yi aiki da kowane ma'aikaci na albashi kamar yadda Gwamnatin Tarayya ta yi a lokaci guda. Bugu da} ari, Gwamnatin Tarayya ta amince da za ta sanya Ministan Tarayya a matsayin Mataimakinsa (Mataki na ashirin da 69).

A cikin yanayin tsaro, Babban Jami'in Tarayya a karkashin Dokar 115b Basic Law shine iko a kan sojojin dakarun Jamhuriyar Tarayyar Jamus. A cewar Dokar 68 Basic Law, mai mulki a yanzu yana iya neman Bundestag da amincewa. Idan wannan zabe na amincewa bai yarda da amincewa da yawancin mambobi na Bundestag ba, Babban Sakataren Tarayyar na iya ba da shawara ga Shugaban tarayya da rushe Bundestag.

Tasawainiya na Shugaban Tarayya

... ko Shugaban Tarayya. Ayyukan Shugaban Kasa, irin na Shugaban Gwamnatin Tarayya, an kafa su bisa tsarin mulki. Babban kwarewar Shugaban Tarayya an shimfida shi a cikin Mataki na 54 zuwa Mataki na 61 na Dokar Asali. Yana da mahimmanci cewa ba a sanya Shugaban Tarayya ga ɗayan ikon jihohi uku ba, saboda yana wakiltar haɗin kan jihar.

Ofayan mafi mahimmancin isancin Tarayya shine wakilcin Tarayyar Jamus a cikin gida da ma ƙasashen waje, misali ta hanyar halartar taron, jawabai ko ziyarar jihohi a ƙasashen waje.

Bugu da ƙari, shugaban tarayya yana da alhakin ƙwarewar gwamnati. Ya ba da shawara ga Bundestag mai mulki a ƙarƙashin Dokar 63 Basic Law domin zaɓen, kuma an ba shi damar izini da izinin Tarayyar Tarayya da kuma Ministan Tarayya a karkashin Dokar 67 da 64 Basic Law.

Dokar Shari'a ta ba shi wajibi a karkashin Mataki na ashirin da 60 don sanyawa da kuma watsar da Al'ummar Al'umma, jami'an tarayya, jami'an da NCOs. Yana da kwarewa ta musamman don ya soke Bundestag bayan wani sakamako na gaba game da tambayar amincewa da Gwamnatin Tarayya a karkashin Dokar 68 Basic Law.

Shugaban na Tarayya shima ya cika muhimmin aiki na tsarawa ko sanya hannu a kan dokoki sannan a karshe ya sanar da su daidai da Mataki na 82 na Asalin Dokar. A cikin al'amuran mutum, an ba da izinin Shugaban Tarayya a karkashin Mataki na 60 na Asali na Dokar don aiwatar da ikon yin afuwa ko canja wurin wannan ikon zuwa wasu hukumomin.

Shin kuna da wasu tambayoyi, shawarwari, zargi ko sami kwaro? Shin batada magana ne?  Yi magana da mu.


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