Hemahema hao | olakino

Me kahi o 2 biliona mau kānaka i hoʻopilikia ʻia, ʻo ka hemahema hao kekahi o nā hōʻailona hemahema maʻa mau o ka honua.

Nā pūʻulu pōpilikia no ka hemahema hao

ʻAʻohe mea e like me ka "mea hoʻomanawanui hemahema hao" maʻamau, akā ʻo kekahi mau hui o ka poʻe i hoʻonui i ka makaʻu o ka hao. Pākuʻi ʻia kēia:

Ka hemahema hao
Ka nele o ka hao - © Chaiphorn / Adobe Stock
  • nā kaikamahine ʻōpio a me nā wahine (ma muli o ka menstruation a i ka wā o ka hāpai ʻana a me ka hānai ʻana, hoʻonui ʻia ka koi hao)
  • Keiki a me nā ʻōpio (ma muli o ka hoʻonui ʻia o ka nui o ke koko a me ka nui o nā mākala ke ulu lākou)
  • ʻelemakule
  • poʻe maʻi maʻi mau
  • ʻO nā mea Vegetarian / vegans
  • ʻAlapa hoʻomanawanui
  • Hāʻawi koko paʻa

Pono kēia mau pūʻulu o ka poʻe i ko lākou mau pae hao e nānā mau ʻia e ke kauka.

Nānā i ka hemahema hao

I mea e ʻike pono ai i ka ʻike pono i ka hemahema o ka hao, pono ka nānā ʻana i nā ʻano koko like ʻole me ka anamnesis kikoʻī. Hoʻoholo ʻia nā kumukūʻai o kēia hale hoʻokolohua no kēia:

  • Hb waiwai (ka nui o ke koko): Ka nui o ka hemoglobin (pigment koko ʻulaʻula) i ke koko. Inā hakahaka ka hale kūʻai hao, poho iho ia. ʻO ka waiwai maʻamau no ke kanaka olakino 12 a 13 g / dl.
  • Serum ferritin (hale kūʻai hao): Inā ʻoi aku ka waiwai ma mua o 3 mg / l, aia ka mumū.
  • Transferrin saturation (iron transporter): ke kūpona waiwai maʻamau 20 a 50 pakeneka
  • C-reactive protein (mumū)

ʻO nā kumukūʻai maʻamau no hemoglobin he 12 a 13 g / dl, no ka ferumin serum i nā wahine ma waena o 10 a 200 a me nā kāne ma waena o 30 a 300 µg / l a ʻo ka saturation transferrin ma kahi o 20 a 50 pakeneka. Aia ka hemahema hao inā aia ka serum ferritin ma lalo o 15 µg / l a ʻo ka saturation transferin ma lalo o 20 pākēneka me kahi kumukūʻai Hb maʻamau. Inā ʻoi aku ka waiwai o ka serum ferritin ma mua o 10 µg / l, ma lalo o 12 a 13 g / dl ka waiwai Hb a ʻoi aku ka emi o ka transferrin saturation ma mua o 10 pākēneka.

A pili mau ka mea aʻe: E nīnau i ke kauka, ʻaʻole kā mākou pūnaewele e pani i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo olakino.

Nā ʻōuli o ka hemahema hao

Ma kahi o kekahi manawa o ka manawa hiki i ke kino ke uku no ka hemahema hao. ʻO ka lauoho palupalu a me nā kui, ʻoki nā kihi o ka waha, ʻili maloʻo, alelo wela a i ʻole nā ​​loli i ka membrane mucous i ka waha a me ka esophagus nā hōʻailona mua i nā wā mua.

I ka papa hou aʻe, ua emi ka nui o nā oxygen e hoʻonāukiuki i nā hunaola ʻulaʻula, ma muli o ka hopena o ka hāʻawi ʻia ʻana o ka oxygen i nā hunaola. Inā ʻaʻohe lawa o ka hao i ke kino no ka manawa lōʻihi, hiki ke anemia (anemia) me nā ʻōuli penei:

  • luhi mau
  • Nānā maikaʻi ʻole
  • Hoʻoemi i ka pono
  • paleness
  • ʻūpā
  • he ʻeha poʻo
  • Ke ʻūlū nei i nā lima a me nā wāwae
  • Kuhi ʻia i ka maʻi

Kāohi i ka nele hao

Uhi ka hao i ka papaʻai i ka koi maʻamau inā ʻike ʻia ka mea aʻe i ka papaʻai.

  • ʻAi i kahi lawelawe o kaʻiʻo momona 3 a 4 mau manawa i ka pule
  • ʻO nā huahana hualaoa piha a me nā legume kahi kumu kūpono o ka hao
  • E ʻai i nā meaʻai me ka wikamina C, kahi e hoʻomaikaʻi ai i ka lawe ʻana i ka hao
  • Hōʻalo i ka kope, ka waiū, a me ke kī me nā meaʻai hao
  • Kōkua ka wai momona i ka wai hao e hiki mai ana

Inā hoʻonui ʻia ka koi hao (e laʻa me ka hāpai ʻana a me ka hānai ʻana i ka waiū, i ka poʻe ʻalapa ahonui) No nā keiki a me nā ʻōpio, lawa pono kahi papaʻai waiwai hao.


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