Na kumu hana waina | e ʻai a inu

Pono nā papa hana he nui no ka hana winemaking, mai ka ʻohi ʻana a hiki i ke oʻo ʻana. ʻO nā kumu like ʻole e like me ka mahi ʻana, nā ʻano hua waina, nā hana lima a me ke aniau i mea nui i ka waina.

Nā kumu waina

Die Traubenlese beginnt meistens im frühen Herbst, ist aber abhängig vom Wetter und von der Klimazone. Für die Ernte werden Erntemaschinen eingesetzt. Das funktioniert aber nur in mäßig steilen und ebenen Weinbergen. Manche Rebbauern schwören auf eine Weinlese von Hand, obwohl es für die Weinqualität nicht unbedingt besser sein soll. Bei der Ernte kann direkt die Selektion der Trauben vorgenommen werden. Unreife und faule Trauben werden dann sofort aussortiert. Frei nach dem Motto, die guten ins Töpfchen.

Mashing

Me nā mīkini ʻohiʻohi o kēia wā, ua hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā hua waina mai ke ʻau i ka wā ʻohi. Inā ʻaʻole, lawe ʻia nā hua mai ke koʻokoʻo me ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi destemmer.

inu waina
ʻO ka inu ʻana i ka waina he ʻoliʻoli ia © Rawpixel.com

A laila haki lākou, e hana ana i ka mea i ʻike ʻia ka mash. Hiki ke kaomi koke ʻia nā hua waina keʻokeʻo me ke koʻokoʻo. Aia kekahi mau ʻano ʻulaʻula kahi e hemo wale ai nā koʻokoʻo mai ka mash ma hope.

Ferment

Pono e waiho i ka mash e kū i hiki i ka nui ke hū. Hoʻokuʻu kēia i nā mea i hopena i ka ʻono a me ke kala o ka waina. Hiki ke loli nui ka manawa maceration, kaukaʻi ʻia i nā ʻano a me ka hopena i makemake ʻia. Inā kaomi koke ʻia ka mash ʻulaʻula, me ka hiki ʻole ke kū a hoʻoheheʻe i ka maluhia, hana ʻia ka waina rosé a i ʻole ke keʻokeʻo keʻokeʻo. Ma ke ʻano he waiho, waiho ʻia ka mash ʻulaʻula e kū no kekahi mau lā. ʻO ka hoʻomehana Mash kekahi ʻano fermentation. I kēia kaʻina hana, hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā ʻākena kala i ka ʻili berry.

Kaomi

Ma hope o ka fermentation, kaomi i ka mash i kahi kaomi kaomi (kaomi waina). Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā koena hua waina paʻa mai ka wai hua waina momona. He mea nui e akahele loa i ka paʻi ʻana i mea e hōʻino ai i nā pips. Hoʻokuʻu nā hua pala i kā lākou mea ʻawaʻawa i loko o ka waina a hiki ke hōʻino i nā mea āpau.

Kānana

I ka wā e pili ana i ka waina keʻokeʻo, hoʻokuʻu ʻia ka pono mai ka palaka ma mua o ka fermentation. ʻEkolu ala ʻokoʻa e hana ai i kēia. Ka hoʻohana ʻana i kahi kānana sediment, centrifugation a i ʻole sedimentation. Eia nō naʻe, hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia nā ʻano hana ʻē aʻe o ka hoʻonani ʻana i ka waina. ʻO kahi laʻana, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka bentonite e hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ke ao.

luhi o

Ma hope o ka kānana, hiki i ka fermentation nui ke hoʻomaka. Mālama ʻia nā waina i nā pahu wai a i ʻole nā ​​pahu. ʻAʻole lawa nā hū i loaʻa i ka pono no ka fermentation piha, ʻo ia ke kumu e hoʻohui ʻia ai nā hu. ʻO ka fermentation ʻona mua e ukali ʻia e ka fermentation malolactic (fermentation malolactic). Wāwahi nā bacteria bacteria lactic i ka malic acid i loko o ka waikawa lactic a pēlā e hoʻololi ai i ke ʻano ʻakika o ka waina. Hāhai ʻia kēia e ke kāomi ʻana. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā lees i ka wā o ka fermentation mai ka waina. A laila sulphurized ka waina a uku ʻia.

ʻO ka hana ʻana o ka waina he lōʻihi loa. Akā e hōʻoia kēlā me kēia mea aloha i ka waina, pono ka hana.

Nā ʻano waina

Aia ka laulā o nā waina ʻokoʻa e koho ai. ʻO nā mea nui e like me nā ʻano huawaina, ka ʻāina, ka lepo, ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana a me ka mālama ʻana i kahi kōkua nui i kēia.

Waina keʻokeʻo

Hana ʻia ka waina keʻokeʻo mai nā hua waina māmā. Ma ke ʻano he kūlana, inu ʻona nā waina keʻokeʻo. He hua a he ʻaʻala hou ko lākou a he ʻakika hoʻi. ʻO nā ʻano kaulana like ʻole me Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Pinot Blanc a me Chardonnay. Aia kekahi mau waina i ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka acidic a me ka luscious, akā ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka hou. Akā, ʻoi aku ka nui o kā lākou waiʻona. Me nā waina keʻokeʻo aia kekahi mau ʻano maloʻo, maloʻo a ʻono hoʻi.

waina

Hoʻohana ʻia nā hua waina ʻulaʻula wale no ka waina ʻulaʻula. ʻAʻole hele mai ke kala o ka waina mai ka pulp o ka hua waina, akā mai kona ʻili. No kēia kumu, pono ka ʻili a me ka hoʻoheheʻe pū i hiki ke lawe ʻia i nā tannins a me ke kala. ʻO ka ikaika o ke kala i ka manawa o ka pilina ma waena o nā ʻili a me ka pono. Me kahi waina ʻulaʻula ikaika e like me Bordeaux. hiki ke manawa i ʻelua mau pule. ʻO kahi waina ʻulaʻula māmā e like me Dornfelder a i ʻole Beaujolais, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, he manawa wale nō kekahi o kekahi mau lā. ʻO ka waina ʻulaʻula kahi palapala balsamic a me ka nīoi. Me ka waina ʻulaʻula aia kekahi mau ʻano maloʻo, maloʻo a ʻono hoʻi.

Waina rose

E like me ka waina ʻulaʻula, hana ʻia ka waina rose mai nā hua waina ʻeleʻele. Me ka waina rose, akā, ʻokoʻa i ka waina ʻulaʻula, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻili a me nā ʻili ma hope o kekahi mau hola. Hoʻokomo wale ʻia kahi ʻāpana liʻiliʻi o ke kala e ka pono a lawe ka waina i kahi kala māmā. He mea kūikawā ka champagne-pua rose. No ka waina rose aia kekahi mau ʻano maloʻo a maloʻo hoʻi.

Waina ʻālohilohi

ʻO kēia mau waina me ka carbon dioxide liʻiliʻi, hoʻohui ʻia kēia mau mea i ka hapanui o nā hihia. I Kelemania i kapa ʻia ai lākou i kekahi manawa he "hapalua o ka huʻa ʻana".

Waina ʻālohilohi

Ua puni nā waina ʻālohilohi no ka mea aia nā ʻōmole aniani kūikawā e hiki ke kū i ke kaomi o ke kalaponaʻokikene. Hoʻohana mau ʻia kahi waina kūmau i ke kumu no ka waina ʻōlinolino, me ka nānā ʻole inā he ʻālohilohi ka waina, cava a me ka champagne. Me ka waina sparkling aia kekahi mau ʻano maloʻo a maloʻo hoʻi.

Waina momona Noble

Hana ʻia kahi waina momona momona a hapa paha mai nā hua waina i hoʻopilikia ʻia e ka palaha hanohano. Hōʻino nui nā hua waina a liʻiliʻi ka wai i koe.

Waina paʻa paʻa

ʻO nā waina Liqueur nā waina āpau i loaʻa ka ʻona ʻona ma ka liʻiliʻi 15% e ka leo. Hoʻohana ʻia kahi waina kumu, kahi e kāpīpī ʻia i mea e loaʻa ai kahi ʻalekole kiʻekiʻe. Aia kekahi mau waina i paʻa i ka pā waina i hana ʻia.

ʻO ka ʻano o ka waina e kūpono iā ʻoe e hoʻoholo loa ʻia e like me kāu ʻono ponoʻī.

Āhea hiki ke olakino inu inu?

Ua hala ka manawa he moʻolelo kaʻao he olakino ke kīʻaha o ka waina ʻulaʻula i ke ahiahi. Akā, ʻo ka waina maoli ke olakino?

Maikaʻi no ka puʻuwai a me ka holo?

ʻO ka maʻamau, ka ʻai maʻamau o ka waina e hoʻonāukiuki i ke kahe o ke koko a no laila e hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka makaʻi o nā maʻi maʻi maʻi a me ka hopena o ka puʻuwai He hopena maikaʻi kā kahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia lā i ka hoʻohui ʻana o nā lipids koko a kōkua ia e wāwahi i ka LDL kolamu maikaʻi. Hoʻohui ʻia, hoʻomaikaʻi ke kahe o ke koko a me nā waiwai coagulation o ke koko. Hoʻoemi ʻia ka makaʻu o ka thrombosis. ʻO ka waiʻona i loko o ka waina ke kuleana no nā hopena maikaʻi ma ka ʻōnaehana cardiovascular. No laila, hana ka waina keʻokeʻo e like me ka waina ʻulaʻula ke hele mai i ka holo. ʻAʻole pono i kahi kāne waena e ʻai i ka ʻona ma mua o 30 g o ka waiʻona a me ka wahine ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ma mua o 20 g. ʻO kahi kīʻaha waina liʻiliʻi i ka lā e lawa ai ia no ka hopena maikaʻi. No nā wahine ka 0,15 l no ka wahine a no nā kāne 0,25 l.

ʻO nā meaʻai olakino i hana ʻia mai nā hua waina

ʻOi loa ka olakino o ka waina ma muli o nā mea maoli i ka hua waina. Aia kekahi mau mea kanu lua. ʻO nā mea nui ʻelua he resveratol a me anthocyanin. Hana ʻia he hana kupanaha kēia. Hiki i nā Anthocyanins ke pale aku i ka maʻi ʻaʻai, ka wā ʻelemakule, a me Alzheimer. ʻO Resveratol kekahi o nā scavenger radical maikaʻi loa. Aia nā mea i loko o ke kumu, ʻili a me ke kumu o nā hua waina a neʻe i loko o ka waina i ka wā o ka fermentation, keu hoʻi i ka waina ʻulaʻula. Nui paha nā mea ʻē aʻe i loko o ka waina i hopena maikaʻi i ke olakino.

ʻO ka waina e maikaʻi ai

Ein Glas Wein am Abend nach einem anstrengenden Tag, kann zu einem wohligen Gefühl führen, welches gesundheitsfördernd ist. Es kann den Stress verringern und in der heimischen Atmosphäre verdauungsfördernd und spannungslösend wirken. Außerdem verlangsamt der Wein den Abbau des Glückshormon Serotonin.

ʻO ka nui loa o ka waina he mea ʻino ia

Me ka wai ʻona, kokoke loa ka laina ma waena o ka pono a me ka pōʻino. Inā he hopena maikaʻi ka waina i ke olakino, helu ka nui. Inā inu ʻoe ma mua o ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia, nui aʻe nā drawbacks i ka inu ʻana i ka waiʻona kiʻekiʻe ma mua o nā mea maikaʻi. Eia kekahi, inā inu pinepine ʻoe ma mua o ka mea i koi ʻia, makaʻu ʻoe i ka lilo ʻana i ka rama. No laila pono e hōʻalo i ka waiʻona no ʻelua a ʻekolu paha lā o ka pule.

ʻAʻole hiki i kahi kīʻaha waina i kēlā me kēia lā ke hoʻopōʻino i kou olakino. Hiki i ka waina ʻulaʻula ke hopena maikaʻi i ke olakino. Akā e nānā pono ʻoe i ka nui āu e ʻai ai i ke olakino.

ʻO ka waina hea e hele pū me nā meaʻai?

Inā mālama ʻoe i kekahi mau mea i kou manaʻo, ʻaʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hele hewa. E hana i ka launa ma waena o ka meaʻai a me ka waina i hiki ai i ka leʻaleʻa i mua.

ʻO ka waina a me ka iʻa

ʻO kahi Riesling māmā me kahi ʻalani citrus a i ʻole Pinot Blanc e hele maikaʻi me nā iʻa.

ʻO ka waina a me kaʻiʻo

ʻAneʻane ʻae ʻia nā mea āpau me ka ʻiʻo. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi o ka waina ʻulaʻula me ka ʻai a me ka ʻulaʻula paha, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka waina keʻokeʻo me ka ʻiʻo keʻokeʻo e like me ka moa. ʻO ka spicier ka ʻiʻo, ʻo ka spicier a ʻoi aku ka ikaika o ka waina.

ʻO ka waina a me ka ʻāpala, ke soose a me nā pāʻani

ʻO nā waina ʻulaʻula ʻona e like me Zinfandel mai Kaleponi, nā Côtes du Rhone Village mai Palani a i ʻole ʻo Australian Shiraz e hoʻopiha ai i ka ʻono ikaika o ka soose, duck a me nā pāʻani.

ʻO ka waina a me ka tī

Hele maikaʻi kahi tī māmā me ka waina māmā. ʻO kahi tī ikaika, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, hele maikaʻi loa me ka waina ikaika. ʻO nā waina māmā, he laʻana, he ʻohi maikaʻi, ʻawaʻawa hopena a i ʻole kahi hua hua Kabinett. ʻO nā waina ikaika e laʻa me Eisweine a me Beerenauslese. Pili ka mea like i ka waina ʻulaʻula. ʻO kahi laʻana, paipai ʻia kahi shiraz ikaika, piha i ke kino me ka tī nui. He mea nui e hoʻomaopopo he haʻahaʻa ka waina ʻulaʻula i ka waikawa. Hoʻopiʻi ka waina keʻokeʻo maloʻo i ka ʻono tī. Hoʻonui ka waina momona i ka leka momona, paʻakai.

Waina a me BBQ

No ka hoʻomoʻa ʻana, pono ka waina i ka hoʻolālā i mea e hiki ai ke kū i nā ʻala i hoʻomoʻa ʻia. ʻO kahi Chardonnay ikaika, maloʻo mai ka barrique a i ʻole kahi Shiraz ʻoluʻolu iki e kūpono. Paipai ʻia kahi waina kauwela hua e like me rosé me nā mea ʻai i hoʻomoʻa ʻia.

Waina a me nā mea kahiko Italia

ʻO nā waina ʻulaʻula ʻItalia maʻamau e like me Barbera, Sangiovese, Barolo a me Chianti e hele maikaʻi loa me nā papa ʻItalia e like me pizza, lasagne a me spaghetti. Akā ʻo ka velvety hoʻi, nā hua i ka tannin haʻahaʻa, nā wili ʻulaʻula mehana e hele maikaʻi me nā ipu Italia.

ʻO ka waina a me ka wok

Hiki i kahi Riesling hua ke hoʻopalupalu i ka spiciness o ka ginger a me ka chilli. ʻO kahi waina keʻokeʻo māmā me nā nuances exotic e like me ka hua kuko, melon a mango paha, e laʻa me kahi Sauvignon Blanc maloʻo, hele maikaʻi me nā ipu ʻĀsia i ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi.

ʻO ka waina a me ka kokoleka

ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e hoʻohui i ke kokoleka pouli me ka waina momona. Maikaʻi ke awa. ʻOi aku ka waiʻona a kēia a ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi me ka kokoleka ikaika. ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hele hewa me ke kokoleka me ke awa. Hiki nō hoʻi iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i ka waina ʻulaʻula ikaika me ka waikawa liʻiliʻi no ka kokoleka pouli. Me kahi koko koko kiʻekiʻe, ʻaʻole pono e maloʻo a wīwī ka waina, inā ʻaʻole e hoʻonui ʻia ka ʻawaʻawa. Hele maikaʻi ka mela, ke kokoleka waiū momona me nā waina keʻokeʻo e ʻono mau ana.

Kū pololei kahi kīʻaha waina a ʻaʻole pono e nalo mai kahi papa ʻaina maikaʻi a i kahi papa kuhikuhi maikaʻi.

Pehea ʻoe e hoʻāʻo ai i ka waina pono?

ʻO nā mea a pau āu e makemake ai no ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka waina he kīʻaha waina, he corkscrew a me kekahi mea paʻa.

Ma mua o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka waina

ʻAʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i nā niho hou i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka wāina, ʻoiai ka wai ʻāpala e lele i ka ʻono maikaʻi o ka waina. ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e puhipaka i kahi kūpaka a i ʻole kika paha i kēia manawa, no ka mea, hiki i ka nikotine hou i hoʻolako ʻia ke hoʻololi iki i nā ʻōpū. ʻAʻole pono ʻoe e ʻono i ke kofe a kokoleka paha i kou waha, no ka mea, e pau ia i ka nui o nā waina. ʻOi aku ka maikaʻi e lawe i kahi wai o ka wai a i ʻole i kahi ʻāpana berena maka ʻole ma mua o ka hāpana.

Loiloi optical

E ninini iā ​​ʻoe iho i kahi waina i loko o ke kīʻaha a huli iā ia. Inā holo ka waina i ka lihi o ke aniani i nā kulu mānoanoa, a laila waiwai nui ia. ʻO ka nui o ka wai e iho i ka paia aniani, ʻo ka momona o ka inu. Inā paʻa ʻoe i ke kīʻaha e ke koʻokoʻo a i ʻole ka wāwae, pale ʻia ka waina mai ka wela o ke kino. E paʻa i ke kīʻaha waina i piha i mua o kahi keʻokeʻo a nānā i ke kala. ʻO nā waina keʻokeʻo he ʻōmaʻomaʻo-melemele i ke gula hohonu. ʻUlaʻula nā waina ʻulaʻula i ka poni hohonu ma ka lihi. Kani nā leo brownish-ʻulaʻula i ka lihi i kahi kulu ʻulaʻula i oʻo. ʻO ka māmā o ka waina ʻulaʻula, ʻo ia ka ʻelemakule. Ua kau nā kala kala i ka papahele me ka mālama mau ʻana. ʻO nā waina ʻeleʻele loa ka hapanui mai kahi wahi ulu wela. ʻO ka ʻeleʻele o nā waina keʻokeʻo, ʻoi aku ka nui o lākou.

Loiloi o ka pilau

ʻOi aku ka nui o ka pilau ma mua o ke kala. E honi, huluhulu ikaika i ke kīʻaha a honi iki akā ikaika. Hana i kahi pepa o nā pilau āu e ʻike ai. Honi pinepine a lōʻihi hoʻi i mea e nalo ai ʻoe i kekahi mea. E hāʻawi i ka manawa nui e loiloi i ka pilau. Me kekahi mau waina, hoʻomohala wale ka mea ʻala. Hana ʻia kahi ʻokoʻa ma waena o ʻohana ʻohana o nā mea ʻono (ka mea kanu, nā pua, nā mea ʻono, nā huaʻai, nā uahi, nā microbiological a me nā caramelized).

Loiloi o ka ʻono

Hinu mua ʻoe i ka waina a mālama i kou waha. E holoi i ka waina a puni ka wahi o ka waha a "ʻono" i ka waina me kou alelo. E huki i kahi ea i loko o kou waha piha i ka waina, e kōkua kēia i nā mahu e piʻi aʻe i loko o ka nasopharynx. No laila hiki iā ʻoe ke lawe i ka ʻono me ka wikiwiki. Hana i kahi palapala i kou manaʻo. Helu mua ʻia ka manaʻo momona a ʻawaʻawa hoʻi. I ka hala ʻana o ka manawa, wehe ʻia nā mea ʻala; hāʻawi ʻia kēia mau mea i nā ʻohana like me ke ʻala. Helu ʻia ia i ka manaʻo o ka waina i ka waha, e like me ka aila, velvety a i ʻole creamy.

Ma hope o kāu hana ʻana i ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i ka waina, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻohana i kāu mau memo e loaʻa ai kahi manaʻo holoʻokoʻa.

 

E ʻike ʻoe i nā ʻaoʻao kala manuahi he nui me nā hoʻolālā ʻoluʻolu keiki no nā keikikāne a me nā kaikamahine. Me nā anakuhi lima hana lima, nā puʻupuʻu aloha keiki, nā ʻōkuhi no nā hana helu, nā manaʻo pāʻani a me ka puka makua no nā mākua. Kūpono nā ʻaoʻao kala no nā keiki mai ka papa mālaaʻo a i ke kula haʻahaʻa. Ma muli o ka pena ʻana i nā kiʻi e paipai ʻia ai ka laulima ʻana o ka maka me ka mākau, nā mākau koʻikoʻi a maikaʻi hoʻi, ka hana ʻana, ka typeface a waiho i ka manaʻo o nā keiki i ke kūʻokoʻa. A hoʻonui ka lehulehu o nā kumu i ka hoʻoikaika i kēlā me kēia keiki e makemake e hala i ka manawa me ke kala.

He nīnau paha kāu, nā manaʻo, ka hoʻohewa a loaʻa paha i kahi pepeke? Loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi kumuhana e hōʻike ai iā mākou a i ʻole i kahi kiʻi pena e hana ai mākou? E ʻoluʻolu mai hoʻokaʻulua e hoʻokaʻaʻike iā mākou!


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