St. Martin - Saint Martin | Zikondweretseni zikondwerero

Phwando la St. Martin la Tours lidzakhala pa 11. Anakondwerera mu November ndipo amatsatira mosiyanasiyana m'madera ambiri. Komabe, nkhani ya St. Martin ndi ntchito yotchuka - kugawana malaya - ali paliponse.

The Fest St. Martin - mwambo ndipo akadakali pano

The 11. Mwachidziwitso, November adakumbukiridwa chifukwa ndi tsiku la Martine. Izi zinali m'chaka cha 397 ndipo kuyambira nthawiyo chikondwererochi chikukondwerera ku Central Europe ndipo chimapangidwa mosiyana malinga ndi dera.

Kuwala kwa nyali za St. Martin
Miyuni ya Luminous Saint Martin

Ngati mukuwerengera, tsikuli lilinso ndi masiku a 40 isanafike Khirisimasi ndipo motero ndizoyambika kwa Lenthe, monga izo zachitika kuyambira zaka za m'ma 500, makamaka mu tchalitchi cha Orthodox.

Mofanana ndi chiyambi cha Lenti pa Lachiwiri la Shrove, Tsiku la St. Martin linapatsa anthu mwayi woti adye mwatcheru komanso mwachikondi, tsiku lotsatira la 40 lisanakhale chakudya chaching'ono kapena chopanda kanthu.

Mu Rhineland ndi 11. Mwezi wa November komanso kuyambika kwa nyengo ya zikondwerero. Kuwonjezera apo, misonkho inalipiridwa tsiku limenelo, kawirikawiri mokoma komanso ndi atsekwe. Zinyama zikanati ziyenera kudyetsedwa kudutsa m'nyengo yozizira, choncho katunduyo anawonongedwa mwanjira iyi komanso pa ngongole yomweyo.

The 11. November, komabe, idali tsiku lomwe ntchito zogwirira ntchito zinathera kapena kuyambiranso, pomwe panagulitsa kapena kugwiritsira ntchito chiwerengero chinatha ndipo adayambiranso. Martini Day nthawi zonse yakhala nthawi yoyamba ndi yomalizira mu dera lachuma ndipo chifukwa chake idatchedwa tsiku lachisangalalo.

St. Martin - Mwambo ndi Zamakono

Chizoloŵezi chodya jekeseni cha Martin chingathe kufotokozedwa motere, komanso nthano imanena za kugwirizana ndi Martinsgans. Marteni anali woti akonzedwe bishopu, yemwe iye sanafune ndi kubisala. Atsekwe adatulutsa malo ake obisala ndipo motero zinatheka kuti apitirize kukhala wopatulika. Koma palinso nkhani zina zokhudzana ndi zakudya zamtunduwu, ku Germany zitsamba zimatumizidwa kumadera ambiri ndi dumplings ndi kabichi wofiira.


Nyimbo za Marteni Woyera ndi zolembera ndikulembera mawonekedwe abwino a ana ndi nyimbo zojambula


Kwa ana, ulendo wa St. Martin ndi chifukwa chokondwerera pa zifukwa zosiyanasiyana. Kusamuka koteroku kumachitika m'mayiko ambiri a ku Ulaya, ngakhale kuti zinthu zing'onozing'ono zingakhale zosiyana m'deralo. Onse ali ofanana, komabe, kayendetsedwe ka nyali ndi nyali kupyolera mu malo okhala. Zingwezi zimagulidwa kapena zimagulitsidwa ndi sukulu komanso ana a sukulu okha.

Mapulanetiwa amachitikiranso m'midzi yaing'ono, a kindergarten amatha kukhala ndi zokhazokha, zomwe zimachitika tsiku losiyana ndi kusamuka kwa ophunzira kuchokera kusukulu ya malo. Kotero zikhoza kuchitika kuti ku Parisi ina kawiri kapena katatu kuwonetsetsa kwa St. Martin kungathe kuwonedwa. Ngati palibe ochita masewera a St. Martin, koma amachotsedwa ndipo sitima imachitika kamodzi kokha.

Kusamukira ku St. Martin

Mtsinje uwu, anthu amatsagana ndi St. Martin wokwera. Izi zimanyamula malingana ndi dera chovala cha msilikali wachiroma. Ophunzirawo amaimba Martinslieder ndipo amatsagana ndi magulu. Kumapeto kwa ulendowu, moto wa St. Martin, womwe unakonzedwa kale mosamala kwambiri, uli kuyembekezera kuponyedwa pamene abwera sitima.

Mwana ali ndi nyali ya Santa Martik
Sankt Martin - Nyimbo za Parade ndi St. Martin-Ffeuer

Wojambula St. Martin adzanenanso mau ochepa kwa ophunzira a sitimayi, mwinamwake kukumbukira nkhani ya wopemphapempha ndi chovala. M'madera ambiri, zochitikazi zikuwerengedwanso.

Pambuyo pake, ana omwe amatsata sitimayo ndi nyali zawo amalandira imodzi Weckmann, Stutenkerl kapena Martin atsekwe yopangidwa kuchokera ku yisiti mtanda, mosiyana malingana ndi dera.

Cholinga chachikulu cha St. Martin chikuchitika ku Worms-Hochheim, ku Kempen ku Rhine Loweruka ndi ku Bocholt. Maphunzirowa ali owerengera mwamsanga kwa olowa 6.000. Kwa ana, Phwando la St. Martin ndi limodzi mwa zikondwerero zofunika kwambiri m'dzinja.

Iwo amayembekezera iwo mwamsanga ndipo akufunitsitsa kupanga nyali. Inde, ana ang'onoang'ono amalandira chithandizo cha makolo awo, koma sayenera kukhala angwiro. N'zoona kuti mukuimba panthawi yopanga, pali cocoa ndi ma biscuits komanso nthawi yophunzitsira manja yomwe imatha mvula kapena mkuntho kunja, imakhala yokoma mkati.

Inde, ana akusukulu akale amapanga nyali m'kalasi kusukulu. Poyamba, chinali chizoloŵezi chojambula grimacing sugar beet nkhope ndikugwiritsa ntchito mpiru ngati nyali.

Miyambo ina yokhudzana ndi St. Martin

Kuwonjezera pa kugawana malaya ndi kudya Martinsgans komwe kuli St. Martin komanso miyambo ina. Martinssingen sikuti imangochitika pokhapokha, koma pambuyo pake kapena pa tsiku lapadera.

M'madera ambiri, ana amayenda nyumba ndi nyumba ndi miyendo yawo pambuyo poyendayenda, kuimba nyimbo ya martini kumalo otseguka komanso kupempha mphatso zazing'ono. Izi ndizo maswiti, zipatso kapena zosavuta zina.

Pansi pa dzina la Martinisingen mwambo wakale umakhalabe m'madera a Chiprotestanti ku East Frisia. Komabe, amatchula Marteni Lutera, yemwe dzina lake limanenanso pa 11. November akukondwerera. Kum'mwera kwa Germany m'madera a Chiprotestanti ndi belsnickel Akuyembekeza kubweretsa mphatso pa tsiku la St. Martin ndi nthawi zina Nussmärtel mwachitsanzo.

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